The Beer History
Earliest written records of beer are coming from modern-day Southern Iraq (=Sumer) and Ancient Egypt. However, what was produced back then was rather ale than beer since the preservative herbs used in beer as we know it today were not introduced until late Middle Ages. Apparently, this beer predecessor was extremely popular and consumed by people (both men and women) of all ages. Researchers say, that in Sumer around 40 percent of total grain yield went into beer production. The ordinary temple workman was receiving a ration of around 1 liter a day. Such high consumption of beer might seem surprising for us, but in fact can be explained by the scarcity of clean, safe-to-consume water and the fact that tea, coffee and grape wine were all unknown by this time. Interestingly, most of the brewers in ancient world were women, who were brewing for their own families and selling the excess to others. Starting from 7th century AD apart from domestic production, beer started to be produced by some European monasteries. Male domination of beer industry together with switch from domestic to industrial production processes happened only with Industrial revolution.